Home Economics JAMB Syllable 2024



JAMB SYLLABLE FOR HOME ECONOMICS. The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination syllabus is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives. In this article.  I will be giving you a complete list of jamb syllables for all courses.





The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Home Economics is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test the candidate achievement of the course objectives, which are to:


  1. acquire knowledge on the concepts and principles of Home Economics education;
  2. apply the principles of foods and nutrition to planning, selection and preparation of meals and the adoption of food hygiene and safety;
  3. equip students with knowledge and skills in clothing and textiles;
  4. apply the principles of Home Management in housing and family living.
































SECTION         A:        HOME         ECONOMICS


Home Economics

a.          Meaning, scope and importance of Home Economics.

b.         Objectives    and         ideals     of Economics.

Areas/Careers in Home Economics a.       Home Management        – Interior decoration

–    Credit management

–    Florist

b.      Foods and Nutrition

–                      Catering

–                      Dietetics

–                      Nutritionist

–                      Public Health Education c. Clothing and Textile

–                      Fashion designing

d. Family and Child development  – Early and Childhood education e. Teaching

f.          Counseling

g.         Media

h.         Research








Candidates should be able to:

i.                 examine the importance of Home Economics

to the individual, family and society;

ii.               identify the objectives of Home Economics. iii.         determine the scope of Home Economics.


Candidates should be able to:

i. recommend possible vocations in the different  areas of Home Economics. ii.      relate skills required to each vocation; iii.  assess the benefits of each vocation to the  individual and society;

iv.         identify current vocations in Home Economics; v.    identify sources of career information.















3. Interrelationship of Home Economics with other subjects:

 Biology, Geography, Chemistry, Physics, Agricultural Science, Fine Arts, Economics, Mathematics etc.





1.          Principles of Home Management

a.          Meaning of Home Management

b.         Steps in the management process

c.          Decision-making: meaning and process

d.         Motivation for Home Management e.g.

goals, values, standards, needs and wants, likes and dislikes.



2.          Resources

a.          Human Resources: definition and types

i.                 Time      management;       definition/


–     types of worktime

–     factors influencing the use of


–     advantages of time management   ii. Energy, definition and reasons for energy management;

–     work simplification  – its purpose

–     guidelines for work simplification  and time saving gadgets;

iii.           Skills, creativity, attitudes etc.       b.             Material Resource: definition/types

–    income and money management

–    meaning and types of income

–    principles of money management

–    household budgeting; steps in making  a budget

–    economic security of the family

–    bank accounts

–    traditional savings, building societies and insurance.


3.          Family Living

a.          Definition and types of family

i.                 Advantages and disadvantages of

family types

ii.               The family life cycle           b.             Family relationships

–          husband/wife relationship, parent/child relationship, brother/sister or sibling  relationships

–          factors that         influence               family


Candidates should be able to:

i.             compare the different areas of study from which   Home Economics derive its knowledge

ii.           determine the contributions of these subjects to Home Economics.





Candidates should be able to:

i. highlight the meaning of Home Management ii. identify steps involved in the management process;

iii.         determine issues for decision-making in the home;

iv.         examine the role of motivators in home management.


Candidates should be able to:

i.             identify     the          resources               available    to            the

individual and family;

ii.           determine the steps involved in household  budgeting;

iii.         examine ways of family saving;

iv.         apply the principle of time management to work simplification in the home;

v.           examine the sources of income available to an individual;

vi.         give reasons for saving family income;  vii. suggest alternative resources for home management;

viii. analyse the principles of money management.












Candidates should be able to:

i.             compare types of family;

ii.           assess the effect of family life cycle on family living;

iii.         differentiate between the types of relationships that exist in the family;

iv.         determine the factors that influence family relationships;

v.           assess the influence of family size on family relationships;

vi.         identify     characteristics      and         problems    of
















































c.          Basic personality profiles

–    meaning of personality

–    extroversion, introversion and anxiety/


d.         Adolescents and their problems

e.          Family crises

f.          Conflict and conflict resolution

g.         Human right

i.                     Meaning of human rights and

fundamental human rights

ii.                   Right of women and children  iii. Violation of human right

h.         Communication and role of ICT in the Family

Marriage/Sex Education

Meanings of marriage and sex education a.             Boy/Girl relationship

–    courtship

–    factors to consider when choosing a


b.         Preparation for marriage

–         meaning and purpose of engagement

–         types of marriage; Islamic, Christian,

Court and Traditional                  – planning a family.

c.          Reproductive health

–         sexually transmitted infections/ diseases (STIs/STDs and HIV/AIDS)

Pregnancy and childbirth

a.          Menstruation, pregnancy and childbirth, labour delivery and post-natal care

b.         Childcare, baby’s layette care of the baby, bathing, feeding etc.

c.          Care of toddlers

–                      common ailments in children

–                      immunization

d.         child development

–                      stages, social and emotional

–                      good habits and character training  – play and play materials e. Parenting

–                      meaning and importance

–                      responsibilities of parents

Housing the family

a.      Houses and home

–  types of houses

–  factors that affect the choice of a house

–  ways of acquiring a house


vii.     compare     the     basic     personality       profiles

(extrovert, introvert); viii. identify types of family crises and ways of solving them;

ix.         identify sources of conflict and solution strategies;

x.           identify types of human right and human rights violation;

xi.         suggest remedies for breach of human rights; xii. identify factors that hinder communication in the family;

xiii.      determine factors that enhance communication in the family;

xiv.      identify the advantages and disadvantages of ICT.


Candidates should be able to:

i.                  differentiate between types of marriages in

Nigeria; ii. compare the advantages and disadvantages of inter-tribal marriages;

iii.         analyse the role of courtship and engagement in marriages;

iv.         examine the different ways of planning a


v.           identify types, causes and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and diseases.





Candidates should be able to:

i. describe the process from conception to birth; ii. determine the care an infant needs from birth to 5 years;

iii. determine the factors that affect pregnancy; iv. analyse complications that arise during labour;

v. differentiate between the stages of  labour; vi. identify the symptoms of common ailments in children;

vii.        differentiate between the types of play


viii.      trace          the          stages     of    development         in


ix.         recommend              suitable play        materials    for


x.           identify responsibilities of parenting.


Candidates should be able to:

i. differentiate between a house and a home; ii. determine the factors that influence residential choice;

iii.     identify items that beautify living areas;












































Interior decoration

–    wall finishing and the application of principles of art and design to

–    colours

–    textures

–    lines and

–    proportions

–    flower arrangements

c.          Furniture and furnishings in the home

–  types

–  factors that affect choices and position.

d.         Utilities in the Home

i.           Water – source, uses, purification etc.

ii.         Household fuels e.g   gas, coal, kerosene, fire wood and sawdust

iii.       Electricity – related terms, generation, safety etc.

iv.        Communication devices e.g. GSM, computer

Home surfaces

a.          Types and care of surface and coverings

e.g. wood, tiles, formica, concrete  plastics, linoleums, mats, rugs and  terrazzo

b.         Identification, preparation and use of  cleaning agents such as water, soap, abrasives and polish

– Care of home surfaces and coverings e.g. washing, sweeping, dusting, shampooing, buffing and polishing.

Sanitation in the Home

a.          Drainage systems – types and care

b.         Disposal of household refuse

c.          Household pests and control

d.         Pollution and health hazards

Consumer Education

a.          Meaning and importance of consumer  education

b.         Definition and types of market

c.          Distributors or consumer agents

d.         Sources of consumer information

e.          Purchasing practices


iv.         suggest suitable colours, textures  and other related factors that should be considered in interior decoration;

v.           determine factors that influence choice and arrangement of furniture;

vi.         compare different floral arrangements;








vii.        identify utilities in the home;

viii.      appraise the advantages and disadvantages of these utilities in relation to their alternatives







Candidates should be able to:

i. identify common surfaces in the homes ii. suggest cleaning agents and their uses in the  home;

iii.         identify materials needed for preparing local  cleaning agents;

iv.         compare the care of the following:

–  wood

–  plastic

–  concrete

–  rugs

–  mats

–  linoleum


Candidates should be able to:

i.             differentiate between the types of liquid household refuse;

ii.           suggest ways of disposing household refuse; iii. identify common household pests and their control

iv.         identify some diseases transmitted by pests; v.               examine sources of pollution; vi.               determine the health hazards of pollution.


Candidates should be able to:

i. identify the types of media used by advertisers; ii. assess its advantages and disadvantages; iii. determine sources of consumer, advice and information;

iv. apply the principles of consumer education to wise shopping;


f.           Advertising


g.          Consumer rights and responsibilities

h.          Government agencies and regulatory bodies





1.         Foods and Nutrition

a.         Definition of food and nutrition

i.           Classification of nutrients, their  source and function, deficiency  diseases

ii.         Classification of foods, cereals, fats and oils, sugars, milk and milk products, meat, fish pulses, nuts, fruits and vegetables.

b.         Nutrition and health

i.           Relation of nutrition and health   ii. Factors affecting good nutrition e.g. income, food in season, availability of food etc.

c.          The digestive system

d.         Nutrition for special groups e.g. infants, toddlers, adolescents, manual workers, etc.


2.         Meal planning

a.         Principles of meal planning

b.         dietary needs and meals for special  occasions and groups

c.          preparation and serving of meals

d.         snacks and beverages                                – meaning, types and functions

e.          Table            setting,   table       manners        and





3.         Cookers and cooking

a.         Types, choice and care of cookers e.g. gas, electric, microwave, etc

b.         Reasons for cooking

c.          Cooking terms

d.         Methods       of            cooking e.g.         boiling,

stewing, baking, steaming etc                         – moist and dry methods of cooking

e.          Methods       of            heat        transfer e.g.

conduction, convection and radiation.



4.         Flours and uses

a.         Types and uses of flours

v.           analyse the  rights and responsibilities of the consumer;

vi.         identify government agencies, regulatory bodies and their functions.






Candidates should be able to :

i.             differentiate between the following terms: food nutrients, carbohydrates, mineral elements, fatty acids, enzymes, metabolism and digestion;

ii.           analyse  the process which break down large food molecules;

iii.         recommend the nutritional need for special groups;

iv.         determine the reasons for the nutritional  needs of the following:

–                      expectant/ lactating mothers

–                      sedentary /manual workers  – children between 5 and 8  years  – adolescents.

v.           identify factors affecting good nutrition.




Candidates should be able to:

i.             identify factors that influence the choice and preparation of food for the family;

ii.           plan meals for special occasions e.g. weddings, birthdays, anniversaries, etc;

iii.         plan meals for special groups e.g. vegetarians, invalids convalescence, HIV/AIDS, etc.

iv.         identify types of snacks/beverages and their functions

v.           compare types of table setting; vi.      determine the qualities of a good hostess.


Candidates should be able to:

i. suggest reasons for cooking food; ii. identify types of cookers, their choice and care. iii. group the methods of cooking into the following:

–                      Moist methods

–                      Dry methods

–                      Fast methods        – Slow methods

iv. determine the method of heat transfer in the various methods of cooking.


Candidates should be able to:

i.        identify types of flours and their uses;

















































b. Raising agent e.g air, yeast, palm wine, steam, etc.

Basic mixtures

– Pastries/Batters – Definition/uses

Scientific methods in foods and nutrition a.             measure units and accuracy

b.         various nutrients tests in food e.g test for protein, fats and carbohydrates

c.          recipe development

The Kitchen:

–  types of kitchen;

–  arrangement

–  tools and equipment

–  selection, use and care

Safety and hygiene

a.                    Common accidents in the home

–      causes of accidents in the home/ preventive measures.

b.                   First Aid; definition/components of a

first aid kit

–      simple first aid for burns, scalds, cuts bruises, bleeding, electric shock, poisoning, chocking and bites.

c.                    Kitchen, personal and food hygiene

–      Communicable   and    noncommunicable disease.

d.                   Sense organs and care        – Exercise and cosmetics

Food Storage and Preservation

a.                    Meaning and purpose of preservation

–                      causes of food spoilage      – principles of food preservation         – methods of food preservation.

b.                   Convenience foods      – definition and types

–                      guidelines for selection

–                      additives to convenience foods.

c.                    Food additives                  – Types and uses

ii.           select appropriate raising agents for basic mixtures;

iii.         use flour to produce assorted food items;



Candidates should be able to:

i.           differentiate between batters and pastries; ii.               use batters and pastries for different purposes;


Candidates should be able to:

i.           develop basic recipes in food preparation ii.          demonstrate skills in unit measurements; iii.         detect the nutrient in a given food.



Candidates should be able to:

i.             compare large and small kitchen equipment

and tools;

ii.           determine factors to consider in selecting tools and equipment.


Candidates should be able to:

i.             identify common accidents in the home, their causes and preventive measures;

ii.           suggest ways of making the home a safe place to live in;

iii.         specify items which should be included in a first aid kit

iv.         suggest simple first aid for scalds, cuts, bleeding, burns etc.

v.           detect ways in which food is contaminated;

vi.         compare   communicable     and         non-

communicable diseases and their preventive measures;

vii.        determine the effect of exercise and cosmetics on the skin;

viii.      describe the structure of the sensory organs; ix. suggest ways of taking care of the sensory organs.


Candidates should be able to:

i.             identify agents of food spoilage;

ii.           analyse     the          principles              involved    in            the

preservation and storage of foods;

iii.         compare the advantages and disadvantages of food preservation;

iv.         identify convenience foods;

v.           compare the advantages and disadvantages of using convenience foods

vi.         determine guidelines for selecting convenience foods;

vii.        identify additives used in foods;




            d.      Rechauffe dishes

–       meaning, rules and types

–       advantages and disadvantages of

rechauffe dishes


10. Home Gardening

a.          definition

b.         common gardening tools

c.          advantages of home gardening

d.         types of soil

e.          plants and crops suitable for home garden

f.          preparation and care of home garden





1.         Fibres and Fabrics

          a.      origin of fibres

– definition of textile terms, eg fibres, fabrics, yarn, staple, filament, blends, etc.

b.         locally made fabric e.g. aso-oke, Okene cloth, Benue cloth, akwete, gwado etc.

c.          classification and properties of fibres e.g  cotton, rayon and silk

d.         fabric finishes: moth-proofing, embossing, durable pleating, flameproofing and stain-repellant print e.g tie and dye, screen printing etc.

e.          Textile labelling

–   meaning and types

–   recognition of washing, cleaning and ironing symbols, wool symbols


2.         Sewing         equipment            and         garment


                   a.          Sewing   machine,                basic              tools       and equipment

– types, parts, use and its care

b.        Basic process in garment construction

e.g basic stitches, seams edge finishes, crossway strips.

c.          Style features e.g collars, yokes, pockets, frills, cuts and belts.

d.         Arrangement of fullness e.g darts, tuck gathering, pleats, smocking and shirring.

e.          Decorative design, decorative stitches, needlecraft e.g tarting, crocheting, knitting, appliqué patch work and soft toys.

f.          Simple processes and mend garments

e.g patching, darning and renovation, batik/tie and dye

viii. compare the advantages and disadvantages of rechauffe dishes




Candidates should be able to:

i.             determine the procedure involved in home gardening;

ii.           identify gardening tools;

iii.         assess the economic importance of home gardening;







Candidates should be able to;

i. differentiate between weaves using diagrams; ii. determine the characteristics of fabrics; iii. identify reasons for giving finishing to fabrics; iv. compare types of labels found on clothing;

v.           state the uses and importance of locally made fabric;

vi.         assess the importance of label on garments.











Candidates should be able to:


i.             identify the types and parts of a sewing machine;

ii.           identify basic tools and equipment used in garment construction;

iii.         describe      various   process   in            garment


iv.         apply basic process in garment construction; v. determine style features on garments; vi. determine style features to enhance the beauty  and quality of garments;

vii. apply decorative designs on fabrics; viii. differentiate between types of household clothing using various designs;

ix.         apply the knowledge of sewing to mend and renovate garments;

x.           compare the process of making batik/tie and dye;


















g.      Garment construction

–    figure types, basic body measurement and pattern drafting

–    choice of styles for different figures            – factors influencing the choice of fabric. h.             Wardrobe planning and maintenance              – basic rules in wardrobe planning

–    factors affecting wardrobe planning, weather, occupation, personal features.

i.       good     grooming,     dress     sense     and

accessories                  – definition

Laundry and care of clothes

a.          Washing and finishing process, sorting, mending, removal of stains, soaking, rinsing, drying and ironing

b.         Laundry agents – water, detergents,

soaps, stiffness and disinfectants

c.          Stain

i. meaning, types, removing agents  ii. process of removal

d.         Iron and ironing temperatures

xi.         relate body figures to the selection of styles and fabrics;

xii.        determine factors which affect the choice of  clothing;

xiii.      identify factors to consider in wardrobe planning;

xiv.      compare the following terms:

–                   good grooming

–                   dress sense            – accessories

–                   colour harmony



Candidates should be able to:

i.             arrange in correct order the processes involved in the washing and finishing of clothing;

ii.           compare the role of stiffeners and disinfectants in laundry work;

iii.         suggest ways of removing common stains; iv. differentiate between the following:

–  laundry agents

–  stains

–  ironing temperatures.






Anfani-Joe, M.E. and Ogunjide, L.O. (1993) Home Management for Senior Secondary School 1 – 3, Ibadan:  University Press Plc.

Anyakoha, E.U. and Eluwa, M. (1990) Home Management for Schools and Colleges, Onitsha: Africana FIRST Publishers.

Anyakoha, E.U (2006) Home Economics for Junior Secondary Schools Books 1 – 3, Onitsha Africana FIRST Publishers.

Neil, A and Hesmondhalgh, Z. (1985) A Complete Revision Course for O’Level and GCE, Revised Home Economics, Charles Co. Ltd.

Ogunjide, L.O., Egbuchulam, B., Eyisi, O. Anfani-Joe, M.E and Olusanya, J.O. (1993) Clothing and Textiles for Senior Secondary Schools 1 – 3, Ibadan: University Press Plc.

Olusanya, J.O., Eyis, O., Anfani-Joe, M.E., Ogunjide, L.O. and    Egbuchulam, B. (1990) Foods and Nutrition for Secondary Schools Books 1 – 3, Ibadan: University Press Plc.

Olusanya, J. O., Olojala, S. O., Bala, F and Eyisi, O. (2000) Exam Focus, Food and Nutrition for WASSCE and SSCE, Ibadan: University Press Plc.

For more information visit www.cafegist.com.ng